Population and Family Planning Law was promulgated on 29 Dec. 2001, and amended in 2015 and 2021 respectively. The latest revision entered into force on 20 Aug. 2021.


There are 48 articles in total. The Law aims to achieve the coordinated development of population, economy, society, resources and environment, and promote family planning.


The key points are as follows:


1. Family planning is a basic policy of the State.


2. The State advocates marriage and childbearing at appropriate ages as well as the healthy birth and child-care. A married couple may bear three children.


3. Women can enjoy special labor protection and obtain assistance and compensation during pregnancy, delivery, and breastfeeding in accordance with relevant provisions of the State. The State shall protect the legitimate rights and interests of women in employment and provide employment services for women when their employment is affected by childbirth. Citizens who undergo a surgical operation for family planning enjoy the leave as specified by the State.


4. The people's governments at or above the county level shall comprehensively adopt planning, land, housing, fiscal, financial, talent, and other measures to promote the establishment of the generalized system of childcare service, and improve the accessibility and fairness of services for families with infants and young children. The State encourages and guides private sectors to set up childcare agencies and supports kindergartens, organs, enterprises, public institutions, and communities in providing childcare services.
law_time
promulgating_date 2021-08-20
effective_date 2021-08-20
issuing_bodies Standing Committee of the National People's Congress 全国人民代表大会常务委员会

Population and Family Planning Law of China (2021)[人口与计划生育法]

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